Norway Rat Description
Common Names: Norway Rat, brown rat, sewer rat, barn rat, wharf rat, water rat, common rat, and gray rat.
Family Name: Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout)
Color of Pest: Brown, to brown gray in color, and in some cases a reddish brown.
Body Segments: Head, Body, and Tail.
How many Nodes? None
Description of Body The Norway Rat is very similar to that of a Roof Rat, however slightly larger in length as well as girth. One telltale sign that you have a Norway Rat as opposed to a Roof Rat is the length of their tails. With a Norway rat their tail does not quite equal the length of their body. These Norway Rats can reach up to sixteen inches from nose to tail and weigh into being up to just over a pound.
Pest Reproductive Information
Number of Breeders: Rodents require a male and a female to reproduce.
Number of Offspring: Norway Rats will reproduce quite frequently, and whenever they do so they can produce litter numbering anywhere from two to fourteen members.
Gestation Period: Norway Rats can reproduce as quickly as 21-30 days allowing them to continuously grow in their numbers.
Reproductive Cycles: Norway rats will reproduce all year round.
Pest Preferences / MO and Habitat
Preferred Foods: Norway Rats can, and will eat just about anything, having said that they do however prefer to eat grains and cereals as well as many other nuts and fruit, they prefer lots of different plant materials. If there is food and they are hungry, more often than not they will eat it. There have been known cases however where rodents will pass up one type of food in order to eat another food containing a certain nutrient they need.
Top Forage Distance: Norway Rats are capable of covering large areas but like many other pests they will tend to stay closest to any food that they have, and then move on accordingly.
Preferred Living Areas: These particular rodents have been known to live in trees and in high brush and especially in attics and warm, sheltered areas. Like many other rats, Norway Rats will dig or utilize any ground, or tree boroughs available.
Social Preference of Pest: These are social beings due to the fact that they will nest together and often times you can find multiple families in one area. However rodents are known to be cannibalistic, meaning they WILL turn on one another and eat them if no other food is available.
Destructive nature of Pest: Because these rodents will get into anywhere they can and eat almost anything they can get into their potential for destruction is quite high. Many times as rats get into an attic or home they will destroy much of an attic or wall or any are they get into. Often times because rats will continuously chew to wear down their teeth, any type of wiring or ac hoses and insulation is torn to pieces. Not only is there physical damage, but these unwanted pests bring with them a number of different diseases. They often times will have large quantities of fecal matter anywhere they go along with urinating anywhere they are creating a rather unwanted odor.
Interesting Maybe Strange Facts About This Pest
Interesting fact number #1 Norway Rats can chew through a lead pipe.
Interesting fact number #2 There have been noted cases where both Norway and Roof Rats will cohabitate, and sometimes the Norway Rats will even run off the Roof Rats for control of a particular home.
Interesting fact number #3 Rodents are cannibalistic in nature.
Interesting fact number #4 Norway Rats have very poor vision, in fact they use a muscle memory system to guide themselves.
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Pest Identification Links:
Blood Feeding Insects: Bed Bugs, Stable Fly, American Dog Tick, Brown Dog Ticks, Blacklegged Ticks, Cat/Gog Flea, Oriental Rat Flea, Mosquitoes.
Cockroaches: American Roaches, Brownbanded Roach, German Roach, Oriental Roaches, Pennsylvania Wood, Smoky Brown Roaches
Flies: Blow fly, Bottle Fly, Cluster Fly, Drain Moth, Fruit Fly, fungus gnats, House Fly.
Occasional Invaders: Boxelder Bugs, Centipedes, Clover mite, Earwigs, Elm Leaf Beetle, Field Crickets, House Cricket, Lady Bug, Millipedes, Pillbugs, Sowbugs, and Springtails.
Pantry and Fabric Pests: Cigarette Beetle, Dried Fruit Beetle, Drugstore Beetle, Furniture Carpet Beetle, Larder Beetle, Red Flour Beetles and Confused Flour Beetles, Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle, Spider Beetles, Varied Carpet Beetle, Angoumois grain moth, Casemaking Beetles, Clothes Moth, Indian Meal Moth, Mediterranean Flour Moth, Webbing Clothes Moth, Granary Weevil, Rice Weevil, Acarid Mite, Cadelle, Meal Worm, Silverfish.
Wood-destroying Pests: Anobiid Powderpost Beetles, Bostrichid Beetles, Lyctid Powderpost Beetles, Old House Borer, Dampwood Termites, Drywood Termites, Formosan Termite, Subterranean Termites, Carpenter Bees, Horntail Wasps.
Stinging Envenomizing Pests: House Spider, Black Widow Spiders, Brown Recluse Spiders, Yellow Sac Spiders, Honey Bee, Social Wasps, Solitary Wasps, Scorpions.
Rodents: Deer Mouse, House Mouse, Norway Rat, Roof Rat, Squirrels.
Other Vertebrate Pests: Bats, House Sparrow, Pigeon, Starling, Raccoons, Possums, Skunks.
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